Gaining a lot of weight all of a sudden?
Irregular menstrual cycle and the growth of hair on face?
All this is very weird as being a girl, hair should not be growing on the facial area. But these things are not just some minor changes these are the signs of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). 1 in 10 women have it and more than half don't even know that they have it. Women diagnosed with this are not sure about what to think as they have no idea of the disease; what it could do to the body, or would it eventually get worse.
PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a health condition that targets the hormone levels of the body, producing higher levels of male hormones. Which leads to skipping menstrual cycle or growth of facial hair etc. and most of all creates a lot of problems in getting pregnant. It may also be a contribution to the life long diseases such as diabetes and heart diseases.
This condition affects a woman's ovaries and the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. The main three features of this syndrome are:
The exact cause for PCOS is still not known. Some factors that are believed to play a role in this are said to be the genes, insulin resistance, inflammations and excess androgen.
There 6 common symptoms of PCOS that are said to be seen right from the first period. They are:
PCOS affects infertility and certain aspects of health. The hormonal imbalance increases the risk of infertility, certain cancers and depression.
Diagnosis is done when at least two of the symptoms are visible. Pelvic examination, blood tests and ultrasound confirms diagnosis.
Though PCOS is untreatable, the symptoms of the same can be treated.