Dr. Ramnik Sabharwal

Blog-II


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Gaining a lot of weight all of a sudden?
Irregular menstrual cycle and the growth of hair on face?
All this is very weird as being a girl, hair should not be growing on the facial area. But these things are not just some minor changes these are the signs of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). 1 in 10 women have it and more than half don't even know that they have it. Women diagnosed with this are not sure about what to think as they have no idea of the disease; what it could do to the body, or would it eventually get worse.

So what actually is this PCOS?

PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a health condition that targets the hormone levels of the body, producing higher levels of male hormones. Which leads to skipping menstrual cycle or growth of facial hair etc. and most of all creates a lot of problems in getting pregnant. It may also be a contribution to the life long diseases such as diabetes and heart diseases. This condition affects a woman's ovaries and the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. The main three features of this syndrome are:

  • cysts in the ovaries
  • high level of male hormones
  • irregular or skipped periods

    How is PCOS caused?

    The exact cause for PCOS is still not known. Some factors that are believed to play a role in this are said to be the genes, insulin resistance, inflammations and excess androgen.

    What the common visible symptoms?

    There 6 common symptoms of PCOS that are said to be seen right from the first period. They are:

  • Irregular periods
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Abnormal hair growth
  • Acne
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Baldness
  • Dark patches on skin
  • Headaches and excess androgen.

    How does PCOS affect the body?

    PCOS affects infertility and certain aspects of health. The hormonal imbalance increases the risk of infertility, certain cancers and depression.

    How is the condition diagnosed?

    Diagnosis is done when at least two of the symptoms are visible. Pelvic examination, blood tests and ultrasound confirms diagnosis.

    How is PCOS treated?

    Though PCOS is untreatable, the symptoms of the same can be treated.

  • Birth control pills and the drug metformin can help regulate periods.
  • Fertility drug clomiphene and surgery can help with fertility in women with PCOS.
  • Hair removal medicines can help get rid of unwanted hair. PCOS can disrupt the regular cycle of menstruation and can highly affect the fertility of a woman. Since the causes of PCOS are unclear but early diagnosis can reduce the risk of complications. It is advised to see a doctor for anyone who may have the symptoms of PCOS..

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